Statute of the Arab Network for National Human Rights Institutions
Adopted in May 16, 2012 And Amended at the second session of the General Assembly in Rabat in June 16, 2013
Based on the belief of Arab National Human Rights Institutions in the need to promote, develop, protect, respect and realize human rights in Arab countries, the seventh session of the Arab National Human Rights Institutions held in Nouakchott during the period 27-28 April 2011 adopted a resolution to establish a network of Arab national human rights institutions (Nouakchott Declaration).
Maintaining respect for human rights is the core issue for the Network’s work, with reference to the fundamental values and principles enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and international and regional human rights conventions.
The ANNHRI is comprised of all the Arab national human rights institutions which have been established in accordance with the Paris Principles and adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution 48/104 of 20 December 1993.
The ANNHRI works in collaboration with its members and in accordance with strong partnerships with governments, international and regional organizations and the Global Alliance and National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI) with the aim to ensure the well-being of citizens and residents and maintain respect for their dignity and rights prescribed in the international and regional instruments, and to propose measures to consolidate human rights in the Arab countries.
Section I: General Provisions
Article 1: Definitions:
1 – (Network) is the Arab Network of National Human Rights Institutions (ANNHRI)
2 – (National institutions) are member national human rights institutions
3 – (Statute) is the statute of the Arab Network for National Human Rights Institutions.
4 – (Rules of Procedure) are the rules of Procedure of the Arab Network for National Human Rights Institutions.
5 – (Global Alliance) is the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI)
6 – (The Paris Principles) are those principles relating to the Status of National Institutions, Adopted by General Assembly resolution 48/134 of 20 December 1993
7 – (ANNHRI bodies) are bodies established by the ANNHRI including the General Assembly, the Executive Committee and the general administration.
8 – (General Assembly) is the General Assembly of the Arab Network for National Human Rights Institutions.
9 – (President) is the President of the Arab Network of the Arab Network for National Human Rights Institutions.
10 – (Vice President) is the chairperson of the member NHRI hosting the next meeting.
11 – (Executive Committee) is the Executive Committee of the Arab Network for National Human Rights Institutions.
12 – (General Administration) is the Directorate General of the Arab Network for National Human Rights Institutions.
13 – (Executive Director) is the Executive Director of the Arab Network for National Human Rights Institutions.
Article (2): Logo
The ANNHRI logo has been designed in accordance with the opinions of the executive committee.
Article (3): The legal status of the ANNHRI
The Network is an independent regional association with a legal personality and a separate budget.
It was established in accordance with laws and regulations of the country of the headquarters.
Article (4): Headquarters
The headquarters of the network is in the city of Doha, capital of Qatar. The headquarters may be transferred with the consent of two-thirds of the members.
Section II: Objectives and mandate of the ANNHRI
Article (5): Objectives
The network aims to promote the development and protection of human rights in the Arab world through:
– Strengthening the role of NHRIs to contribute to the common cause of human rights protection, promotion, and realization through procedural channels, and communication and coordination with national institutions in the world serving the same objectives;
– Development and dissemination of the human rights culture among citizens, stakeholders, in the public and private sectors, and civil society associations;
– Promotion of accession to the international and regional conventions on human rights, contributing to the implementation of its provisions, harmonizing national legislation with the provisions of the conventions ratified by the Arab States, respecting and ensuring the implementation of the relevant obligations, and contributing to raising the capacity of the persons charged with its implementation.
– Supporting the work of national institutions within the framework of regional cooperation, highlighting and encouraging the spirit of citizenship and respecting the principles, values and culture of human rights.
– Urging states to interact with the international and regional human rights treaty bodies
Article (6): Mandate of the ANNHRI:
The ANNHRI works in collaboration with its members to achieve their objectives through implementing the following:
– Capacity building of national institutions
– Developing bilateral cooperation programs between national institutions, other institutions across the world, regional groups and relevant international organizations.
– Encouraging the establishment of national human rights institutions and strengthening their role in accordance with the Paris Principles
– Providing support to national institutions with limited resources which experience problems in achieving its mandated tasks.
– Strengthening relations of cooperation and coordination among national institutions, the GANHRI and the relevant regional and international organizations
– Exchanging and harmonizing points of views of national institutions at regional and international levels on issues relating to human rights and the principles of Paris
– Mobilization of media, and work methods and methods at local, regional and international levels to highlight the work and activities of national institutions to consolidate the culture of human rights to promote peace and tolerance.
– Encouraging attendance and active participation of national institutions in international and regional forums and meetings of the GANHRI.
– Monitoring, documenting and disseminating information and outcomes of the work of national institutions, as well as promoting studies and research conducted on the work of these institutions.
– Following-up and overcoming obstacles arising from the new challenges in the field of human rights and assisting national institutions to strength the capacities of its members.
– Developing relations with organizations, particularly non-governmental organizations, and individuals seeking to achieve goals similar to those of national institutions, in particular non-governmental organizations.
– Assisting in the promotion, development and protection of human rights in the world in collaboration with non-member national institutions.
– Continual follow-up and evaluation of the situation of human rights and public freedoms in Arab countries and providing all forms of assistance to combat violations through the provision of technical, material and logistical support.
Section III: Membership
Article (7): Members
National institutions created in accordance with the Paris Principles in member states of the Arab League shall have the right to request joining the ANNHRI according to provisions set forth in the Statute and the rules of procedure of the ANNHRI.
The General Assembly has the right to accept or reject the applications of national institutions applying for membership in the light of provisions set forth in the Statute and the rules of procedure of the ANNHRI.
1- Membership categories
– Full member
– Participating Member
– Observer member
Membership of all categories will be submitted for approval by the executive Committee to the General Assembly.
2 – Definitions of Member categories:
– Full membership: National institutions accredited Status A or B by the GANHRI
– Participating Membership: National institutions accredited Status C by the GANHRI. They may participate in meetings but have not the right to vote.
– Observer Membership: National institutions that are under establishment and have not been accredited by the GANHRI.
Article (9): Members votes
– Members entitled to full membership have the right to vote at the general assembly, whether ordinary or extraordinary and join bodies established by the network.
– Members entitled to participating membership shall attend meetings of the General Assembly and participate in discussions without having the right to vote or join bodies established by the network.
Article (10): Rights and responsibilities of Members
– Each national institution shall be represented at meetings of the General Assembly.
– Each national institution shall benefit from programs offered by the ANNHRI for the benefit of national institutions, each according to its needs.
– Work to support efforts of the ANNHRI to achieve its objectives.
– Commitment to the statutes and rules of procedure.
– Implementing resolutions adopted by the General Assembly.
– Paying the legal annual subscription set by the General Assembly.
– Inform the secretariat with any amendments to the Statute of the national institution.
Article (11): Canceling and suspension of membership
1 – A national institution may lose its full membership if it loses its (A) or (B) accreditation statues and reaccredited Status (C) by the GANHRI where its membership in the ANNHRI will be replaced to “participating member” category.
2 – Membership will be canceled in the following cases:
A – If the national institution is resolved.
B – If it withdraws from the ANNHRI.
3 – The General Assembly may decide to suspend the membership of any national institution according to the provisions set forth in this statute and the rules of procedure in the following cases:
A – If it does not meet the conditions for membership.
B – If it refrains from paying their legal annual subscription for more than three years.
4 – Memberships shall be canceled or suspended in accordance with a decision by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the majority of the members of the Executive Committee.
5 – The decision to suspend or cancel a membership shall be adopted by thirds majority of the members of the general assembly attending the meeting and having the right to vote, provided that the number of voters is half plus one of the members of the General Assembly.
6 – A national institution will lose all its rights as a member once it is informed with suspending its membership.
Section IV: Bodies
Article (12): ANNHRI Bodies:
1 – The ANNHRI is regulated by the following bodies:
A – The General Assembly.
B – The Executive Committee.
C – The General Administration.
2 – The General Assembly and the Executive Committee after getting approval of the General Assembly cab establish subsidiary bodies which considered being necessary in accordance with this Statute.
Section V: The General Assembly (formation- tasks- meetings)
Article (13): The General Assembly
The General Assembly is the supreme body of the ANNHRI, it consists of all the Full members, it shall meet in ordinary session once a year, and in an extraordinary session as deemed necessary in accordance with the provisions of this Statute.
Article (14): Tasks
The General Assembly shall perform the following tasks:
1 – Developing policies and strategies to achieve the objectives of the ANNHRI.
2 – Discussing any matter relating to this statute or relating to the powers and functions of any established body in accordance with this statute.
3 – Amending the statute and rules of procedure.
4 – Adoption of the administrative and financial regulations.
5 – Approval of the financial report and the final account.
6 – Approval of the budget for the next fiscal year.
7 – validation and accreditation of the applications of new members and deciding on applications for membership that have not been approved by the Executive Committee.
8 – Deciding on issues of canceling, suspension and returning memberships.
9 – Determining the amount of legal annual subscriptions.
10 – Electing members of the Executive Committee.
11 – Considering and adopting reports of the Executive Director.
Article (15): Regular meetings
1 – The general assembly shall meet in ordinary session once a year, the date and venue shall be determined by the General Assembly.
2 – Decisions made during meetings shall be in accordance with the provisions contained in the rules of procedure.
3 – Each national institution has only one vote; decisions shall be made in the meetings of the General Assembly by a simple majority of the members of the general assembly attending the meeting and having the right to vote, unless otherwise stated.
4 – The General Assembly shall be chaired at each regular session by the representative of the host National institution; the positions of Vice president and rapporteur shall be allocated by the General Assembly which shall also form a drafting committee.
5 – On a proposal of the Executive Director, the president shall invite National institutions that are under establishment and have not been accredited by the GANHRI as observers in order to encourage them to participate actively in the future.
6 – The Executive Committee may invite observers and guests to attend the sessions of the General Assembly.
Article (16): Extraordinary meetings
1 – The President, one-third of its members of the General Assembly or the Executive Committee may call for an extraordinary meeting as deemed necessary, in accordance with a specific agenda.
2 – The Executive Director shall be notified of the convening of the meeting in order to send out the invitations, and in accordance with the provisions contained in the rules of procedure.
3 – Meetings and decisions shall be governed in accordance with the provisions contained in the rules of procedure.
Section VI: The Executive Committee (formation- tasks- meetings)
Article (17): The Executive Committee
1 – Members of the Executive Committee are elected by The General Assembly every four years, taking into account the groups set forth in the rules of procedure.
2 – The Executive Committee shall consist of:
A – Four members elected by the General Assembly in accordance with the geographical distribution stipulated in the rules of procedure.
B – The national institution hosting the general administration
C – The national institution which chairs the current session.
D – In the event of holding the meeting for the members the executive committee outside the headquarters of the secretariat, the host national institutions will be a member in the meetings of the Committee during this session.
3 – The Executive Director will be the rapporteur of the Executive Committee.
4 – National institutions chairing some international bodies and the independent commission for human rights in Palestine shall be invited to attend the Executive Committee meetings as observers; the President, the Executive Director and the Executive Committee may invite any national institution to attend meetings of the Executive Committee.
Article (18): Tasks
The Executive Committee shall perform the following functions:
1 – Following up on the implementation of the General Assembly resolutions.
2 – Submitting a draft agenda for the General Assembly and suggesting the venue and date of the session.
3 – Proposing projects and programs that ensure the achievement of the overall objectives of the ANNHRI and means of implementation.
4 – Proposing administrative and financial regulations of the ANNHRI and its established bodies.
5 – Preparing and approving the organizational structure of the general administration
6 – Appointing an executive director of the ANNHRI.
7 – Appointing of an auditor.
8 – Establishing sub-committees upon the proposal of the Executive Director.
9 – Forming and developing temporary working groups and setting their functions and coordinating their work.
10 – Examination of the Executive Director Reports.
11 – Examination of applications for membership and submitting them to the General Assembly.
12 – Making recommendation to withdraw the membership of national institutions.
13 – Examination of the final account for the fiscal year as well as the estimated budget for the following year to be submitted to the General Assembly.
14 – Accepting donations and grants that it considered to be inconsistent with the objectives the network.
15 – Carrying out tasks entrusted to it by the General Assembly.
16 – Approving the appointment of advisers and staff.
Article (19): Meetings
1 – The Executive Committee shall meet twice a year and whenever deemed necessary according to what has been stipulated in the rules of procedure.
2 – Meetings of the Executive Committee shall be chaired by the president of the Delegation of the National institution chairing the current session of the General Assembly; the Executive Committee shall elect a vice president from among the attending members. In the absence of the chair National institution elect, a new president shall be elected for the meeting from among the attending members.
3 – The President shall convene meetings of the Executive Committee; the Executive Director shall issue a draft agenda and minutes of meetings.
4 – The quorum shall be constituted as its meetings by the presence of the majority of its members are present.
5 – In absence of a member for three consecutive meetings without an acceptable excuse, another member shall be elected in his place from among the group to which he belongs to, according to the provisions of Article (17) of the Statute and for the complementary period only.
6 – The Executive Committee may invite experts and advisors to attend meetings to contribute to the discussion without the right to vote .
Section VII: General Administration
Article (20): formation:
The General Administration consists of:
A – Executive Director.
B – Staff and advisers in various departments according to the organizational structure approved by the Executive Committee.
Article (21): Executive Director
The Executive Director is appointed by the Executive Committee for a period of two years (renewable).
The Executive Director shall perform the following tasks:
1 – Implementation of the General Assembly resolutions and the recommendations of the Executive Committee.
2 – Organizing and managing the ANNHRI in accordance with the administrative and financial regulations approved by the General Assembly
3 – Development of projects, programs and plans that ensure the achievement and implementation of the objectives of the network.
4 – Preparing for the meetings of the General Assembly and the Executive Committee.
5 – Submitting reports on activities, the estimated budget and the final account of the ANNHRI to the Executive Committee and the General Assembly.
6 – Supervision of the network and following up on the implementation of its programs and its mandate.
7 – Representing the ANNHRI in meetings with third party entities and in front of the judiciary and signing agreements after the approval of the Executive Committee.
8 – Maintaining the network seals.
9 – Taking urgent measures as deemed appropriate in exceptional cases, including performing the functions delegated to the Executive Committee in case it doesn’t meet due to any reason, provided that the Executive Director informing the Executive Committee at its first meeting the with procedures and decisions taken in this regard for approval.
10 – Collecting legal subscriptions from national institutions.
11 – Appointing staff and advisers after the approval of the Executive Committee.
12 – Carrying out the tasks entrusted to her/him by the General Assembly and the Executive Committee.
Section VIII: Financial Affairs
Article (22): Financial resources
The resources of the ANNHRI may be from the following sources:
1 – Legal subscriptions of national institutions
2 – Donations, grants and bequests accepted by the Executive that it considered to be inconsistent with the objectives the network.
3 – Income from investments in the ANNHRI.
4 – Resources resulting from partnerships with international funding organizations or institutions.
Article (23): Fiscal Year
The fiscal year of the ANNHRI shall commence 1 January and ends in 31 December.
Section IX: Final provisions
Article (24): Dissolving the Network
The ANNHRI shall be dissolved by agreement of at least two-thirds of the votes of the members; in this case the General Assembly will appoint an official to be responsible of the liquidation and the Executive Committee shall deliver belongings, funds and movable and immovable property to the National institution in the country of headquarters.
Article (25): Execution
This statute shall enter into force as of the date of approval of the General Assembly.
Article (26): Interpretation
Any dispute that may arise concerning the interpretation or application of this statute shall be referred to the Executive Committee for studying and further submitting it to the General Assembly to take a decision.
Article (27): Amendment of the Statute
Provisions of this statute shall be amended by agreement of two-thirds of the members of the General Assembly.