A special session in Anabtawi in Tunisia

The Executive Director of the Arab Network, Mr. Sultan bin Hassan Al-Jamali considered that the past ten years of armed conflicts in many regions of the world, including the Arab region, have been and continue to be the result of the ongoing violations of human rights guaranteed by international human rights law and International humanitarian law.

Al-Jamali said at the session of the Arab Network at Anabtawi, organized by the Arab Institute for Human Rights in Tunisia on the role of national human rights institutions in conflict situations which was held during the period from October 1 to 9, 2017, It seems that humanity has forgotten its pain as a result of World War I and II, And the subsequent wars and armed conflicts.

Al Jamali added that human rights are universal in nature and said: The human rights of all human beings whether they are men or women, are not inferior to any one and are permanent to every human being, whether they are protected or denied; even if it is not recognized or developed by their states. He said: we hope to recognize these facts before a series of tragedies and disasters happen, otherwise disapproval, denunciation and rejection will prevail.

Al-Jamali noted the need for national institutions to play their role in the outbreak of conflict by educating the parties to the conflict on human rights, encouraging them not to violate them and cooperate with stakeholders to monitor, report and address violations and to refer them to competent authorities. NHRIs should also play their role in providing humanitarian assistance to civilians including children, women, vulnerable groups, including minorities, internally displaced persons and girls, and to support and protect the right to education. In the aftermath of the conflict, national institutions, in cooperation with all stakeholders, should take appropriate action to ensure that victims of human rights violations receive adequate support without discrimination, including comprehensive medical treatment, mental health care and psychological and legal support, while ensuring equity and justice. In addition to carrying out its role in the process of national reconciliation, demanding appropriate compensation for the victims, providing information to the families of missing persons and those who disappeared forcibly and following up their cases, and following up on the accountability of war criminals and ensuring their impunity.

Al Jamali called on Governments, national human rights institutions, civil society and the international community to cooperate to reduce armed conflict and violations of human rights in peace and war and said that if rights in peacetime were not violated, wars or armed conflicts would not exist; Efforts should be made to renounce hate speech, reduce exploitation and greed, and work for justice among human beings, thus achieving peaceful societies living in peace and security; pointing out that the basis for cooperation among stakeholders in the field of human rights is integration, not competition. In this context, the previous call emphasizing the universality of human rights and their integration and unity, made it necessary to call for the need to unify strategies between national institutions, the global Alliance, civil society organizations and the Human Rights Council, the High Commissioner, United Nations bodies and all stakeholders in the context of the universalization of the human rights.

Al Jamali called on NHRIs to carry out their mandates and undertake a range of actions within the framework of their implementation of their role on protecting and promoting human rights. They should therefore allocate resources within their resources to enable them to play their role before, during and after the conflicts by monitoring the discourse of hatred and discrimination within the media and curricula, in all state institutions and society, monitoring laws and reviewing legislation, pointing to discriminatory articles and provisions, as well as monitoring the statements and behaviors of politicians, preachers and heads of trade unions and civil associations, and working with all stakeholders in this regard. He added that in order to carry out this important role, each institution must have a specialized department to monitor the manifestations of discrimination and intolerance in society, including follow-up on the laws and work to consolidate the culture of acceptance of the other, this is what I consider an early warning bodies. He called on national institutions, in partnership with civil society stakeholders and relevant government departments, to review and refine the curricula that incite in a way or another to hate speech and to propose curricula based on human rights education in schools and universities and to foster a culture of dialogue through activities approved during the school year.